1. The school and classroom background
SMP Negeri 11 is one of the seven government schools in Kebayoran Baru District. It is located on Jl. Kerinci VII, Blok E, Kebayoran Baru, South Jakarta. The school has three stories. The first floor consists of eight classrooms, an administration room, a principle’s room, a library, a guidance counselling room, a red cross room, a teacher’s room, an audiovisual room, a students’ union room and toilets for teachers. There are also a kitchen and toilets for students. The second floor consists of eleven classrooms, a computer room, a Biology laboratory, a Physics laboratory, and an English laboratory. The third floor consists of eleven classrooms and toilets for students. The school has large yard for the flag ceremony, basket ball court and futsal court. Besides the main building, the school has a mosque, parking place for teachers, canteens, and a security post. SMP Negeri 11 was established in 1949 and it was the first government school in Kebayoran Baru district. Now the school has 1072 students and divided into 27 regular classes, 2 acceleration classes, and 1 bilingual class. The first class has 353 students, the second class has 345 students and the third class has 374 students. The school begins at 7.00 a.m and ends at 13.30 p.m. On Friday, the school ends at 11.05 a.m. The school has 47 permanent teachers and 13 part time teachers. All of them have different educational background, namely from Diploma (D.3) to master (S.2) degrees, 6 office workers, 7 school attendants and 2 drivers.
The class understudy was class IX.2. The classroom was located on the first floor between class IX.1 and IX.3. There were two white boards, a teacher’s desk and a chair, 40 tables and 40 chairs for students, pictures of president and vice president, Pancasila and other beautiful pictures. the classroom was quite clean and has 2 fans and good ventilation so the students feel comfortable to study in the classroom. Class IX.2 had 40 students consists of 18 boys and 22 girls. The students studied on the first and second period on Friday.
The English teaching in Sekolah Menengah Pertama (Junior High School) has objectives to equip the students with a means in order that they are able to:
1. Improve communication competence both in written and spoken to reach the
functional literacy level.
2. Own awareness about the essence and the importance of English to improve
national fighting spirit in the global society.
3. Improve the students’ understanding about the relationship between nation and
Based on the SMP 2006 curriculum concerning the English language, there are four main skills that should be covered in learning and teaching English. The four skills are listening, speaking, reading and writing. The graduates of SMP are expected to have certain competence of the four skills related to the standard of the competence and the basic competence stipulated in the curriculum. One of the four skills that the students have to master is the speaking skill. Speaking is the most interested skill for the students and hence they are interested in learning the skill. One of the topic is “Expressing politeness”. By teaching and learning the topic, the students are able to to the expressions in their daily life.
C. The teaching process
Based on the 2006 curriculum concerning the teaching of English l, the standard competence teaching speaking to the third year students of Sekolah Pertama (Junior High School) in the second semester is expressing the meaning of interpersonal and transactional text and simple short monolog in the form of narrative and report to interact in the daily life context. The basic competence is expressing the meaning of transactional (to get things done) and simple short functional text using the variety of spoken language accurately, fluently and meaningfully to interact in the daily life context using the expressing of politeness.
In this observation, Mr. Syamsul and Mr. Caswani have carried out the teaching and learning process well. During the teaching and learning activity on the speaking skill with the topic “Expressing politeness”, they have already applied the teaching technique using four principles, namely:
1. Building Knowledge of the Field (BKOF)
In this stage, the teacher opened the activities by saying greeting, did the setting up by showing some pictures to the students and then he asked them some questions related to the topic. He introduced the teaching material, explained it to the students and responded to the students’ questions.
2. Modeling of Text (MOT)
In this stage, the teacher showed some models of dialog using expressions of politeness. The teacher read the dialog and the students repeated it after him. Then the teacher asked some pairs of the students to read the dialog. After reading the dialog, the students answered the questions given by the teacher based on the dialog the have learned. Then the teacher and the students discussed the answers together.
3. Joint Construction of Text (JCOT)
In this stage, the teacher asked the students to do exercises. Each student was given an utterances and they had to find the suitable pair of theirs by asking to the other student who had the suitable pair with correct utterances. In the last activity of this stage, the teacher asked the students to construct dialog in pairs using the expressions of politeness.
4. Independent Construction of Text (ICOT)
In this stage as the last of teaching and learning activity, the teacher asked the students to perform their dialog in front of the classroom. The teacher assessed the students competence by using the certain grading system of the assessment.
D. The analysis of the teaching practice
The strength of teaching and learning process conducted by our group presented by Mr. Syamsul and Mr. Caswani, I can conclude that both of them have done a good preparation before doing teaching practice, e.g. making lesson plan, preparing some media or teaching aids and choosing the appropriate materials for the topic. They prepared some teaching aids and used them to help the students the lesson more easily. they used them to raise the students motivation to learn the lesson. Some written materials in the form of dialog have been selected as the modeling of text was really native and authentic. the way how the teacher open the lesson can raise the students’ interest. When the students have some difficulties in understanding the lesson, the teacher used the variety of types of questions so that the students can respond the questions easily. The situation and condition of the class created by the teacher was really active.
The weaknesses of the teaching and learning process conducted by Mr. Syamsul and Mr. Caswani were both of the teachers can not manage the time allocated well. Most of the time is used in the Building of the field stage. It spent 30 minutes for the first teacher to open the lesson. the teacher still explained the even though most of the students have understood the it. The second teacher only spent 25 minutes for the joint construction of text and the joint construction of text stages. As the result, the teacher can not explore the students’ ability to create and practice dialog in pairs. The teacher’s voice was soft so the students at the back side couldn’t hear his voice clearly. so they they gave little attention to the lesson and even some of the did not the assignment. some of the were getting bored with the classes and disturb their partner. The teacher focused more on the clever students.
E. Summary and recomendation
Based on the teaching and learning practice conducted by Mr. Syamsul and Mr. Caswani in class IX.2, I concluded that as one of the language skills, speaking is clearly one of the very important thing in the English teaching and learning process. The teachers should be creative in preparing the teaching materials so that the students are motivated to learn the lesson. the students should be provided by challenging activities so that the teacher can explore the students ability in speaking. The class management is very important for the teacher to control the activities during the teaching and learning process. Time management is also one of the most important thing that the teacher should consider so that the teacher can perform each stage of the teaching and learning well and the teacher will get good result.